Dr. Christopher Zambakari
Founder & CEO, The Zambakari Advisory
Hartley B. and Ruth B. Barker Endowed Rotary Peace Fellow
Assistant Editor, Bulletin of The Sudan Studies Association
Sudan is in crisis. Again. Sudan is further tattered, further cleaved and mutilated.
The third-largest country in Africa has been marred by political instability and violence for decades. The country has experienced multiple civil wars, military coups and political upheavals. Chaos and states of emergency are almost commonplace and millions of Sudanese people have been displaced. Poverty is widespread and political oppression is, again, the order – or disorder – across the country.
Recently, Sudan has experienced a surge in violence, with clashes between various political factions and the military. A power struggle between Sudan’s army and a notorious paramilitary force has rocked the country. Fighting between the two rival groups is tearing the already upside-down turf asunder. The fighting has spread into the Spain-sized Darfur region in Sudan’s western stretches, which has been the stage for a brutal cycle of violence, insurgencies and counterinsurgencies. The renewed fighting threatens an already fragile Framework Agreement between the military and dozens of civilian leaders which was signed in December 2022. The latest bloodshed left more than 400 dead and as many as 1,600 wounded within the first two weeks of the fighting, suggesting the return to a full-blown civil war.
The violence is unimaginable even when viewed from thousands of miles away. For those who have witnessed firsthand the butchery of the battle, it is déjà vu, as the transition from authoritarian-military rule to civilian rule follows an old script—a two-act tragedy that begins with a military coup, then infighting between military leaders.
Read the full issue published by Georgetown Public Policy Review here!
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